- 1 Which of the following is true regarding respiratory anatomy infants and children?
- 2 What condition reduces the number of oxygen carrying red blood cells?
- 3 When oxygen is not present in sufficient supply the human body moves into what kind of metabolism?
- 4 Why is it critical to manage swelling of the Pediatric?
- 5 Which are characteristics of an infants respiratory system?
- 6 What is pediatric respiratory system?
- 7 Which cells are responsible for transportation of oxygen?
- 8 How oxygen is transported in our body?
- 9 How is oxygen delivered to cells?
- 10 How does gas exchange occur in animals?
- 11 In which part of the respiratory system does exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide take place?
- 12 How does gas exchange take place?
- 13 How do you assess an airway in a child?
- 14 How do you open a pediatric airway?
- 15 What are the three components of the Pediatric Assessment Triangle?
Which of the following is true regarding respiratory anatomy infants and children?
Which of the following is TRUE regarding respiratory anatomy in infants and children? The tongue of an infant or child takes up proportionally more space than an adult’s. Untrue: Infants and children rely less on the diaphragm to breathe than an adult. The ribs are less pliable in infants than in adults.
What condition reduces the number of oxygen carrying red blood cells?
Sickle cell disease is an inherited blood disorder marked by defective hemoglobin. It inhibits the ability of hemoglobin in red blood cells to carry oxygen.
When oxygen is not present in sufficient supply the human body moves into what kind of metabolism?
If oxygen is not present in sufficient supply, the body will shift to: A. aerobic metabolism.
Why is it critical to manage swelling of the Pediatric?
Why is it critical to manage swelling of the pediatric patient’s airway? Because of the rigidity of the pediatric patient’s airway.
Which are characteristics of an infants respiratory system?
At birth, the baby’s lungs are filled with fluid. They are not inflated. The baby takes the first breath within about 10 seconds after delivery. This breath sounds like a gasp, as the newborn’s central nervous system reacts to the sudden change in temperature and environment.
What is pediatric respiratory system?
The anatomy of the pediatric respiratory system can be divided into 2 major parts: Pediatric Airway Anatomy: Outside of the thorax (chest cavity) includes the supraglottic (epiglottis), glottic ( airway opening to the trachea), and infraglottic (trachea) regions.
Which cells are responsible for transportation of oxygen?
Oxygen is transported by erythrocytes or RBCs. Haemoglobin present in red blood cells carries oxygen in the blood.
How oxygen is transported in our body?
How does oxygen get into the bloodstream? Inside the air sacs, oxygen moves across paper-thin walls to tiny blood vessels called capillaries and into your blood. A protein called haemoglobin in the red blood cells then carries the oxygen around your body.
How is oxygen delivered to cells?
B. OXYGEN TRANSPORT IN BLOOD CAPILLARIES. In the capillaries, oxygen is transported within red cells through the solution of hemoglobin, then through the cell membrane and the blood plasma. Since cells and plasma are in motion, both convection and diffusion (free and facilitated) may be important.
How does gas exchange occur in animals?
In animals, gas exchange follows the same general pattern as in plants. Oxygen and carbon dioxide move by diffusion across moist membranes. In simple animals, the exchange occurs directly with the environment. Hemoglobin binds loosely to oxygen and carries it through the animal’s bloodstream.
In which part of the respiratory system does exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide take place?
ALVEOLI are the very small air sacs where the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide takes place. CAPILLARIES are blood vessels in the walls of the alveoli.
How does gas exchange take place?
Gas exchange takes place in the millions of alveoli in the lungs and the capillaries that envelop them. As shown below, inhaled oxygen moves from the alveoli to the blood in the capillaries, and carbon dioxide moves from the blood in the capillaries to the air in the alveoli.
How do you assess an airway in a child?
Palpate the chest for tenderness, instability and crepitations. All children with breathing difficulties should receive high flow oxygen through a face mask oxygen as soon as the airway has been assessed and demonstrated to be adequate. Pulse oximetry is an excellent tool to use in assessing a child’s breathing.
How do you open a pediatric airway?
Instead, you should place a small rolled towel under the shoulders in children younger than 2 years to open the airway (Figure 8A). As the child reaches 2 years of age, the occiput gradually becomes less prominent but is still rounded. Keeping the head in a more neutral position is helpful at this age.
What are the three components of the Pediatric Assessment Triangle?
Using the PAT, the provider makes observations of 3 components: appearance, work of breathing, and circulation to the skin (Figure 1). The Pediatric Assessment Triangle and its components. Appearance is delineated by the “TICLS” mnemonic: Tone, Interactiveness, Consolability, Look or Gaze, and Speech or Cry.