Often asked: Anatomy What Is Cerebral Palsy?

How is cerebral palsy defined?

Cerebral palsy ( CP ) is a group of disorders that affect a person’s ability to move and maintain balance and posture. CP is the most common motor disability in childhood. Cerebral means having to do with the brain. Palsy means weakness or problems with using the muscles.

What parts of the body are affected by cerebral palsy?

Cerebral palsy can be categorised into four main areas, according to the parts of the body it affects:

  • Quadriplegia – all four limbs are affected and the muscles of the face and mouth may also be affected.
  • Diplegia – all four limbs are affected, but legs more so than arms.
  • Hemiplegia – one side of the body is affected.

What is the main cause of cerebral palsy?

The cause of Cerebral Palsy is a brain injury or brain malformation that occurs while the brain is developing — before, during, or after birth. As a result of the brain damage during brain development a child’s muscle control, muscle coordination, muscle tone, reflex, posture and balance can be affected.

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What are the 4 types of cerebral palsy?

There are several different types of cerebral palsy — spastic, ataxic, athetoid, hypotonic, and mixed cerebral palsy. These conditions are classified based on mobility limitations and affected body parts. Each type can vary in severity, symptoms, and treatment. 7

What is Palsy called today?

Bell’s Palsy, or facial palsy, is a paralysis or severe weakness of the facial muscles on one side of the face. It is believed to be due to a swelling of the nerve that controls the muscles of the face. It can be worrying, but most people make a full recovery.

Does CP get worse with age?

Cerebral palsy is a “non-progressive” disorder. This means that as children get older, their CP will not worsen. While an individual’s cerebral palsy will not decline as they get older, there are a few things that can impact their overall health and wellness.

Does cerebral palsy affect IQ?

Cerebral Palsy does not on its own affect a person’s intelligence. However, as many as 30-50% of children with CP have some form of cognitive impairment caused by a coexisting condition.

Is Cerebral Palsy painful?

Several scientific studies have identified pain as one of the most common problems experienced by individuals with CP, children and adults alike, and as many as 75% of adults with CP suffer from chronic pain. Pain in CP seems to be overlooked and insufficiently treated by caregivers and health professionals.

What is the life expectancy of a person with cerebral palsy?

Generally, children born with cerebral palsy can expect to live between 30 and 70 years on average.

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Is cerebral palsy caused by lack of oxygen at birth?

Birth complications and congenital issues are one of the many ways that babies can develop cerebral palsy. One such birth complication is asphyxia, or oxygen deprivation. It’s a serious medical condition that can lead to death if not treated immediately.

What are the chances of having a baby with cerebral palsy?

Cerebral Palsy and Fertility There is also no increased risk of having a miscarriage or a premature baby when compared to people who don’t have cerebral palsy. The disorder is not inherited and women with cerebral palsy usually do not have any long-lasting effects that exacerbate their disorder after childbirth.

At what age is cerebral palsy diagnosed?

The signs of cerebral palsy usually appear in the first few months of life, but many children are not diagnosed until age 2 or later. In general, early signs of cerebral palsy include1,2: Developmental delays.

What is Level 5 cerebral palsy?

Level 5 cerebral palsy A person with level 5 CP needs support to maintain their head and neck position. They need support to sit and stand, and they may be able to control a motorized wheelchair.

What is the best treatment for cerebral palsy?

A variety of therapies play an important role in treating cerebral palsy:

  • Physical therapy. Muscle training and exercises can help your child’s strength, flexibility, balance, motor development and mobility.
  • Occupational therapy.
  • Speech and language therapy.
  • Recreational therapy.

Can a child outgrow mild cerebral palsy?

In some children with cerebral palsy, especially those who are mildly affected, brain imaging tests show no abnormalities, suggesting that microscopically small areas of brain damage can cause symptoms. About half of babies who are diagnosed with mild cerebral palsy appear to outgrow their symptoms.

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