Often asked: Disease Results From What General Conditions In The Body Anatomy?

What are 4 conditions in the cell that must be kept in homeostatic balance?

Maintaining homeostasis The body maintains homeostasis for many factors. Some of these include body temperature, blood glucose, and various pH levels.

What is anatomic disease?

In the anatomic classification, disease is categorized by the specific organ or tissue affected; hence, heart disease, liver disease, and lung disease. Medical specialties such as cardiology are restricted to diseases of a single organ, in this case the heart.

What is the difference between the terms lower extremity thigh and leg?

The lower extremity refers to the part of the body from the hip to the toes. The lower extremity includes the hip, knee, and ankle joints, and the bones of the thigh, leg, and foot. Many people refer to the lower extremity as the leg. In fact, the leg is the part of the body between the knee and ankle joints.

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Which of the following is the study of the function of the body?

Physiology is the study of how the human body works. It describes the chemistry and physics behind basic body functions, from how molecules behave in cells to how systems of organs work together.

What diseases are caused by homeostatic imbalance?

Diseases that result from a homeostatic imbalance include heart failure and diabetes, but many more examples exist. Diabetes occurs when the control mechanism for insulin becomes imbalanced, either because there is a deficiency of insulin or because cells have become resistant to insulin.

What are four internal conditions that humans regulate?

Homeostasis

  • blood glucose concentration.
  • body temperature.
  • water levels.

What disease affects the body as a whole?

Systemic means affecting the entire body, rather than a single organ or body part. For example, systemic disorders, such as high blood pressure, or systemic diseases, such as the flu, affect the entire body. An infection that is in the bloodstream is called a systemic infection.

What are the main causes of disease?

Causes

  • Bacteria. These one-cell organisms are responsible for illnesses such as strep throat, urinary tract infections and tuberculosis.
  • Viruses. Even smaller than bacteria, viruses cause a multitude of diseases ranging from the common cold to AIDS.
  • Fungi.
  • Parasites.

What are the 4 types of diseases?

There are four main types of disease: infectious diseases, deficiency diseases, hereditary diseases (including both genetic diseases and non-genetic hereditary diseases ), and physiological diseases.

What is back of leg called?

The calf is the back portion, and the tibia or shinbone together with the smaller fibula make up the front of the lower leg.

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What are the lower limbs called?

Information. For anatomists, the lower limb consists of the thigh (the upper leg ), the leg (the lower leg ), and the foot. The thigh consists of a single bone, the femur. The leg consists of two long bones, the tibia and fibula, and the sesamoid bone, the patella, that serves as the knee cap.

What parts of the body are extremities?

An extremity is a limb or appendage of the body, particularly the hands and feet. If the weather is cold, you have to be sure to protect your extremities from frostbite by wearing gloves, warm socks, and boots. The noun extremity also means the outermost point or part — the one that’s farthest away.

Why are directional terms important?

Understanding terminology ensures doctors and technicians have a shared method of communicating, which helps to avoid confusion when pinpointing structures and describing locations of lesions. Knowing your directional terms makes things clear and saves time!

Why anatomy and physiology are related?

Anatomy and physiology are two of the most basic terms and areas of study in the life sciences. Anatomy refers to the internal and external structures of the body and their physical relationships, whereas physiology refers to the study of the functions of those structures.

How anatomy and physiology are related examples?

For example, an anatomist may study the types of tissues found in different parts of the heart, while a physiologist may study how the heart regulates blood flow to supply oxygen to other organs in the body.

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