- 1 What happens during osteoporosis?
- 2 What is the pathophysiology of osteoporosis?
- 3 What causes osteoporosis anatomy?
- 4 What happens to bone cells in osteoporosis?
- 5 Is sitting bad for osteoporosis?
- 6 What foods are bad for osteoporosis?
- 7 What are five risk factors for osteoporosis?
- 8 What is the best treatment for osteoporosis?
- 9 Can osteoporosis be cured?
- 10 What happens if osteoporosis is left untreated?
- 11 What are the three stages of osteoporosis?
- 12 What does osteoporosis pain feel like?
- 13 What cell causes osteoporosis?
- 14 What does endocrinology have to do with osteoporosis?
- 15 Which hormone is responsible for osteoporosis?
What happens during osteoporosis?
Osteoporosis causes bones to become weak and brittle — so brittle that a fall or even mild stresses such as bending over or coughing can cause a fracture. Osteoporosis -related fractures most commonly occur in the hip, wrist or spine. Bone is living tissue that is constantly being broken down and replaced.
What is the pathophysiology of osteoporosis?
Osteoporosis is a metabolic bone disease that, on a cellular level, results from osteoclastic bone resorption not compensated by osteoblastic bone formation. This causes bones to become weak and fragile, thus increasing the risk of fractures.
What causes osteoporosis anatomy?
Bone is living, growing tissue that changes throughout the lifespan. Osteoporosis is a bone disease that occurs when the body loses too much bone, makes too little bone, or both. As a result, bones become weak and may break from a fall or, in serious cases, from sneezing or minor bumps.
What happens to bone cells in osteoporosis?
First, special bone cells called osteoclasts break down bone. Then, other bone cells called osteoblasts create new bone. Osteoclasts and osteoblasts can coordinate well for most of your life. Eventually, this coordination can break down, and the osteoclasts begin to remove more bone than the osteoblasts can create.
Is sitting bad for osteoporosis?
“If you have low bone density, however, and you put a lot of force or pressure into the front of the spine — such as in a sit -up or toe touch — it increases your risk of a compression fracture.” Once you have one compression fracture, it can trigger a “cascade of fractures” in the spine, says Kemmis.
What foods are bad for osteoporosis?
Foods to limit or avoid
- High-salt foods.
- Alcohol. While a moderate amount of alcohol is considered safe for those with osteoporosis, excess alcohol can lead to bone loss.
- Beans/legumes. While beans have some healthy attributes for women with osteoporosis, they’re also high in phytates.
- Wheat bran.
- Excess vitamin A.
What are five risk factors for osteoporosis?
Factors that will increase the risk of developing osteoporosis are:
- Female gender, Caucasian or Asian race, thin and small body frames, and a family history of osteoporosis.
- Cigarette smoking, excessive alcohol and caffeine consumption, lack of exercise, and a diet low in calcium.
- Poor nutrition and poor general health.
What is the best treatment for osteoporosis?
Bisphosphonates are usually the first choice for osteoporosis treatment. These include:
- Alendronate (Fosamax), a weekly pill.
- Risedronate (Actonel), a weekly or monthly pill.
- Ibandronate (Boniva), a monthly pill or quarterly intravenous (IV) infusion.
- Zoledronic acid (Reclast), an annual IV infusion.
Can osteoporosis be cured?
There’s no cure for osteoporosis, but proper treatment can help protect and strengthen your bones. These treatments can help slow the breakdown of bone in your body, and some treatments can spur the growth of new bone.
What happens if osteoporosis is left untreated?
Osteoporosis left untreated increases the likelihood of fractures. Simple actions such as sneezing or coughing, making a sudden turn, or bumping into a hard surface can result in a fracture. This can make you feel like you’re walking on eggshells and cause you to refrain from participating in activities that you enjoy.
What are the three stages of osteoporosis?
The stages of Osteoporosis
- Osteoblasts vs Osteoclasts. Active Osteoblasts.
- Peak bone density and the first stages of osteopenia and osteoporosis.
- The second stage of osteopenia and osteoporosis.
- The third stage of osteopenia and osteoporosis.
- The fourth stage of osteopenia and osteoporosis.
What does osteoporosis pain feel like?
Sudden, severe back pain that gets worse when you are standing or walking with some relief when you lie down. Trouble twisting or bending your body, and pain when you do. Loss of height.
What cell causes osteoporosis?
Osteoclasts, derived from hematopoietic precursors, are responsible for bone resorption, whereas osteoblasts, from mesenchymal cells, are responsible for bone formation (see the images below). The 2 types of cells are dependent on each other for production and linked in the process of bone remodeling.
What does endocrinology have to do with osteoporosis?
Endocrinologists specialize in treating and preventing bone loss and preventing fractures. In addition, endocrinologists treat disorders that may affect bones, such as hyperparathyroidism, low and high levels of calcium. Become familiar with osteoporosis risk factors.
Which hormone is responsible for osteoporosis?
Parathyroid and Thyroid problems: Hyperparathyroidism, which is caused by too much parathyroid hormone, can cause osteoporosis because the excess hormone extracts calcium from your bones.