Quick Answer: What Is A Receptor Anatomy?

What is the definition of a receptors?

Receptor: 1. In cell biology, a structure on the surface of a cell (or inside a cell) that selectively receives and binds a specific substance. There are many receptors.

What is a receptor in a neuron?

Alternative Titles: neural receptor, sensory receptor. Receptor, molecule, generally a protein, that receives signals for a cell. Small molecules, such as hormones outside the cell or second messengers inside the cell, bind tightly and specifically to their receptors.

What is the function of a receptor in the nervous system?

Receptors are groups of specialised cells. They detect a change in the environment (stimulus) and stimulate electrical impulses in response.

What is the medical term receptor mean?

Listen to pronunciation. (reh-SEP-ter) A molecule inside or on the surface of a cell that binds to a specific substance and causes a specific effect in the cell.

What is another word for receptor?

In this page you can discover 19 synonyms, antonyms, idiomatic expressions, and related words for receptor, like: sense-organ, CD40, muscarinic, effector, sensory- receptor, purinergic, N-methyl-D-aspartate, nmda,, integrin and chemokines.

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What is receptor explain with example?

Receptors are proteins, usually cell surface receptors, which bind to ligands and cause responses in the immune system, including cytokine receptors, growth factor receptor and Fc receptor. Receptors can be found in various immune cells like B cells, T cells, NK cells, Monocytes and stem cells.

What are the 5 types of receptors?

Terms in this set ( 5 )

  • chemoreceptors. stimulated by changes in the chemical concentration of substances.
  • pain receptors. stimulated by tissue damage.
  • thermoreceptors. stimulated by changes in temperature.
  • mechanoreceptors. stimulated by changes in pressure or movement.
  • photoreceptors. stimulated by light energy.

What do receptor sites do?

Receptor sites are proteins typically found on the surface of cells, which are capable of recognizing and bonding to specific molecules. Molecules that bind to receptor sites are known as ligands. Hormones, neurotransmitters, and drugs are examples of ligands.

What is a pain receptor?

Pain receptors, also called nociceptors, are a group of sensory neurons with specialized nerve endings widely distributed in the skin, deep tissues (including the muscles and joints), and most of visceral organs.

What are the 2 types of effectors?

There are two types of effectors, the muscles (also called “motor effectors “) and exocrine glands (also called “secretory efectors”).

What is the difference between receptors and effectors?

What is the difference between a receptor and an effector in the nervous system? A receptor detects the stimuli and converts it into an impulse and an effector converts the impulse into an action.

What are the receptors in the human body?

Sensory receptors are primarily classified as chemoreceptors, thermoreceptors, mechanoreceptors, or photoreceptors. Adequate Stimulus.

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Sensory receptors with corresponding stimuli to which they respond.
Receptor Stimulus
Photoreceptors Visible light
Proprioceptors Sense of position
Thermoreceptors Temperature


What is receptor and its types?

Receptors are protein molecules in the target cell or on its surface that bind ligands. There are two types of receptors: internal receptors and cell-surface receptors.

What are effectors in anatomy?

Effectors are parts of the body – such as muscles and glands – that produce a response to a detected stimulus.

What is retina in simple words?

The retina is at the back of your eye and it has light-sensitive cells called rods and cones. When you look at something, light hits the retina, the rods and cones send electrical signals to the brain along the optic nerve. The brain uses these signals to interpret what you are seeing.

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