Quick Answer: What Is An Example Of An Anatomical Term In Human Anatomy?

What is an anatomical example?

Anterior or ventral – front ( example, the kneecap is located on the anterior side of the leg). Posterior or dorsal – back ( example, the shoulder blades are located on the posterior side of the body). Lateral – away from the midline of the body ( example, the little toe is located at the lateral side of the foot).

What are the basic anatomical terms?

To compare the location of body parts relative to each other, anatomy uses some universal directional terms: anterior, posterior, ventral, dorsal, distal, proximal, medial, lateral, median, superior, inferior, external, internal, frontal, occipital, rostral, caudal, superficial, deep, central, peripheral, ipsilateral,

What is the purpose of anatomical terms?

The purpose of anatomical terms is to provide a standardized frame of reference for describing the human body. In the anatomical position an anterior view is seen from the front and a posterior view from the back.

What is the anatomical term for the foot?

The feet are divided into three sections: The forefoot contains the five toes (phalanges) and the five longer bones (metatarsals). The midfoot is a pyramid-like collection of bones that form the arches of the feet. These include the three cuneiform bones, the cuboid bone, and the navicular bone.

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What are the 4 main anatomical positions?

1.6 Planes of Reference and Directional Terms All definitions provided here assume that the human skeleton is in standard anatomical position, that is, standing erect, looking forward, with the feet close and parallel to each other, the arms at the sides, and the palms facing forward (Fig. 1.6. 1). Figure 1.6.

Is dorsal a top or bottom?

The dorsal (from Latin dorsum ‘back’) surface of an organism refers to the back, or upper side, of an organism. If talking about the skull, the dorsal side is the top. The ventral (from Latin venter ‘belly’) surface refers to the front, or lower side, of an organism.

What are the 10 directional terms?

Anatomical Directional Terms

  • Anterior: In front of, front.
  • Posterior: After, behind, following, toward the rear.
  • Distal: Away from, farther from the origin.
  • Proximal: Near, closer to the origin.
  • Dorsal: Near the upper surface, toward the back.
  • Ventral: Toward the bottom, toward the belly.
  • Superior: Above, over.

What are the 12 organs of the body?

Some of the easily recognisable internal organs and their associated functions are:

  • The brain. The brain is the control centre of the nervous system and is located within the skull.
  • The lungs.
  • The liver.
  • The bladder.
  • The kidneys.
  • The heart.
  • The stomach.
  • The intestines.

What are the 9 anatomical regions?

The nine regions are smaller than the four abdominopelvic quadrants and include the right hypochondriac, right lumbar, right illiac, epigastric, umbilical, hypogastric (or pubic), left hypochondriac, left lumbar, and left illiac divisions. The perineum is sometimes considered to be the tenth division.

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What are the 3 planes of the body?

The three planes of motion are the sagittal, frontal and transverse planes.

What are the 5 regions of the body?

The human body is roughly apportionable into five big regions: head, neck, torso, upper extremity and lower extremity.

What is another word for anatomical?

What is another word for anatomical?

bodily body
functional material
structural anatomic

What is back of foot called?

The two bones that make up the back part of the foot (sometimes referred to as the hindfoot) are the talus and the calcaneus, or heel bone. The talus is connected to the calcaneus at the subtalar joint. The ankle joint allows the foot to bend up and down.

What is bottom of foot called?

In humans the sole of the foot is anatomically referred to as the plantar aspect.

What are the 4 body planes?

The anatomical planes are four imaginary flat surfaces or planes that pass through the body in the anatomical position. They are the median plane, sagittal planes, coronal (frontal) planes and horizontal (transverse) planes (figure 2).

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