- 1 Which structure is ligated and transected first in a radical nephrectomy?
- 2 How many lobes comprise the average prostate gland?
- 3 What is the name of the basic structure composed of renal corpuscles and tubules and numbers over a million?
- 4 In what position would the surgical patient be placed if undergoing a simple nephrectomy of the right kidney?
- 5 How do you perform a radical nephrectomy?
- 6 Is a nephrectomy?
- 7 Which lobe of prostate is most commonly enlarged?
- 8 What is median lobe of prostate?
- 9 What is lobe of prostate?
- 10 What are the 4 parts of the renal tubules?
- 11 What are the two types of nephrons?
- 12 What is the other name of nephrons?
- 13 Which is higher right or left kidney?
- 14 What is the recovery time for a nephrectomy?
- 15 Do you need to remove a dead kidney?
Which structure is ligated and transected first in a radical nephrectomy?
Chapter 16 Genitourinary (Test)
|11. Radical nephrectomy is usually performed with that patient in which position?||D. Supine|
|12. Which structure is ligated and transected first in a radical nephrectomy or laparoscopic simple nephrectomy following isolation of the vessels and ureter?||A. Renal artery|
How many lobes comprise the average prostate gland?
The anatomy of the prostate is made up of three lobes: the central lobe and lobes on either side called the anterior lobes. The central lobe of the prostate is pyramid-shaped and rests between the ejaculatory ducts and the urethra.
What is the name of the basic structure composed of renal corpuscles and tubules and numbers over a million?
The nephron is the functional unit of the kidney, which actively filters blood and generates urine. The nephron is made up of the renal corpuscle and renal tubule. Cortical nephrons are found in the renal cortex, while juxtamedullary nephrons are found in the renal cortex close to the renal medulla.
In what position would the surgical patient be placed if undergoing a simple nephrectomy of the right kidney?
Surgical techniques For laparoscopic nephrectomy, the patient is initially positioned supine for IV access, induction of general anesthesia and endotracheal intubation.
How do you perform a radical nephrectomy?
In a radical nephrectomy, the surgeon removes the whole kidney, the fatty tissues surrounding the kidney and a portion of the tube connecting the kidney to the bladder (ureter). The surgeon may remove the adrenal gland that sits atop the kidney if a tumor is close to or involves the adrenal gland.
Is a nephrectomy?
What is a nephrectomy? Nephrectomy (nephro = kidney, ectomy = removal) is the surgical removal of a kidney. The procedure is done to treat kidney cancer as well as other kidney diseases and injuries. Nephrectomy is also done to remove a healthy kidney from a donor (either living or deceased) for transplantation.
Which lobe of prostate is most commonly enlarged?
The medial and two lateral lobes are most prominent. The three major conditions that affect the prostate gland are benign prostatic hypertrophy, prostatitis, and prostatic cancer. Hypertrophy of the prostate occurs primarily in the medial and lateral lobes.
What is median lobe of prostate?
The median lobe is located between the ejaculatory ducts and the urethra in the central zone of the prostate; the upper portion of the median lobe abuts the trigone of the bladder. Although median lobe enlargement (MLE) is seen in clinical practice, the prevalence of MLE among men with BPH is unknown.
What is lobe of prostate?
The prostate is divided into several lobes: the anterior lobe, the median lobe, the lateral lobes (left and right lobes ), and the posterior lobe. The prostate is also divided, by scientists, into different zones according to their function: the central zone (CZ), peripheral zone (PZ), and transitional zone (TZ).
What are the 4 parts of the renal tubules?
It contains four segments: the pars recta (the straight descending limb of proximal tubule ), the thin descending limb, the thin ascending limb, and the thick ascending limb.
What are the two types of nephrons?
Kidneys contain two types of nephrons, each located in different parts of the renal cortex: cortical nephrons and juxtamedullary nephrons.
What is the other name of nephrons?
The other name of the nephron is the uriniferous tubules. They are divided into many bifurcations namely the ‘proximal convoluted tubule’, the distal convoluted tubule and the Henley’s loop.
Which is higher right or left kidney?
The left kidney is located slightly more superior than the right kidney due to the larger size of the liver on the right side of the body. Unlike the other abdominal organs, the kidneys lie behind the peritoneum that lines the abdominal cavity and are thus considered to be retroperitoneal organs.
What is the recovery time for a nephrectomy?
How long does it take to recover from a radical nephrectomy? Full recovery, including the ability to lift and engage in strenuous activities, may take up to six weeks.
Do you need to remove a dead kidney?
You may need to have part or all of your kidney removed if isn’t functioning properly. Reasons for removal include damage or scarring. These may be due to disease, injury, or infection. Cancer is another reason to remove a kidney.