- 1 How are sustained contractions produced in muscles?
- 2 How does a muscle exert varying levels of force?
- 3 How does a muscle exert varying levels of force quizlet?
- 4 How is a muscles stimulate to contract quizlet?
- 5 What is a treppe effect on muscle contraction?
- 6 What two things determine the strength of a muscle contraction?
- 7 What controls the force of muscle contraction?
- 8 What structure is stimulated to cause a muscle contraction?
- 9 What kind of force does a muscle produce?
- 10 What ion is needed for muscle contraction?
- 11 What is an aggregate muscle action?
- 12 How do we avoid fatigue in a skeletal muscle when attempting to sustain a contraction?
- 13 Which of the following types of neurons stimulate a muscle to contract?
- 14 Which type of muscle takes longer to contract and relax quizlet?
- 15 How is calcium ion important for muscle contraction?
How are sustained contractions produced in muscles?
A tetanic contraction (also called tetanized state, tetanus, or physiologic tetanus, the latter to differentiate from the disease called tetanus) is a sustained muscle contraction evoked when the motor nerve that innervates a skeletal muscle emits action potentials at a very high rate.
How does a muscle exert varying levels of force?
As with skeletal muscle, changes in length alter the active force by varying the degree of overlap of the thick myosin and thin actin filaments. An increase in the level of circulating epinephrine and norepinephrine from the sympathetic nervous system also increases the force of contraction.
How does a muscle exert varying levels of force quizlet?
Frequency of stimulation (A single motor unit can exert varying levels of force dependent on the frequency at which it is stimulated.) 5. Speed of Contraction (The ability to develop force also depends on the speed of muscle contraction.)
How is a muscles stimulate to contract quizlet?
With the myosin head in its high-energy position, the muscle fiber is ready to contract. A nerve impulse stimulates the muscle cell. This triggers the sarcoplasmic reticulum to release stored calcium ions. As all of the thin filaments slide back to their relaxed positions, the entire muscle relaxes.
What is a treppe effect on muscle contraction?
The muscle tension increases in a graded manner that to some looks like a set of stairs. This tension increase is called treppe, a condition where muscle contractions become more efficient. It’s also known as the “staircase effect ” (Figure 5).
What two things determine the strength of a muscle contraction?
Muscle strength is also a result of the combination of three factors:
- Physiological strength, which depends on factors such as muscle size, the cross-sectional area of the muscle and responses to training.
- Neurological strength, which looks at how weak or how strong the signal is that tells the muscle to contract.
What controls the force of muscle contraction?
The force of muscle contraction is controlled by multiple motor unit summation or recruitment. A contraction in which the muscle does not shorten but its tension increases is called isometric. TRUE. During isotonic contraction, the heavier the load, the faster the velocity of contraction.
What structure is stimulated to cause a muscle contraction?
Muscle contraction begins when the nervous system generates a signal. The signal, an impulse called an action potential, travels through a type of nerve cell called a motor neuron. The neuromuscular junction is the name of the place where the motor neuron reaches a muscle cell.
What kind of force does a muscle produce?
Isotonic contractions generate force by changing the length of the muscle and can be concentric contractions or eccentric contractions. A concentric contraction causes muscles to shorten, thereby generating force. Eccentric contractions cause muscles to elongate in response to a greater opposing force.
What ion is needed for muscle contraction?
The muscle contraction cycle is triggered by calcium ions binding to the protein complex troponin, exposing the active-binding sites on the actin.
What is an aggregate muscle action?
Aggregate Muscle Action refer to the muscles working together in groups rather than independently to achieve given joint motions.
How do we avoid fatigue in a skeletal muscle when attempting to sustain a contraction?
To prevent complete muscle fatigue, motor units are generally not all simultaneously active, but instead some motor units rest while others are active, which allows for longer muscle contractions.
Which of the following types of neurons stimulate a muscle to contract?
1 Answer. Ernest Z. Motor neurons stimulate muscles to contract.
Which type of muscle takes longer to contract and relax quizlet?
Smooth muscle takes 30 times longer to contract and relax than does skeletal muscle and can maintain the same contractile tension for prolonged periods at less than 1% of the energy cost.
How is calcium ion important for muscle contraction?
Calcium triggers contraction by reaction with regulatory proteins that in the absence of calcium prevent interaction of actin and myosin. Two different regulatory systems are found in different muscles.