- 1 Which of the following is the site where we would expect to see the majority of the nephron loops?
- 2 Which of these should not appear in urine?
- 3 Which region of the kidney is the most superficial?
- 4 Where does filtration of the blood occur within the kidneys?
- 5 What are the 4 parts of the renal tubules?
- 6 Which structure is most important for urine concentration quizlet?
- 7 Why is glucose not present in urine?
- 8 Why is protein not present in urine?
- 9 Which of the following is normally found in urine quizlet?
- 10 What gland sits atop each kidney?
- 11 What are the two layers of the kidney?
- 12 What is the correct branching sequence of arteries in the kidney?
- 13 What are the signs that something is wrong with your kidneys?
- 14 How do you improve kidney function?
- 15 What are the seven functions of the kidneys?
Which of the following is the site where we would expect to see the majority of the nephron loops?
Which of the following is the site where we would find the majority of the nephron loops? Renal Pyramids; The loops of all nephrons travel into the medulla and renal pyramids where urine is concentrated.
Which of these should not appear in urine?
Which of these should NOT normally appear in urine? glucose. lucose would normally be completely reabsorbed during urine formation and should not be in a urine sample.
Which region of the kidney is the most superficial?
The renal cortex is the most superficial region.
Where does filtration of the blood occur within the kidneys?
Blood flows into your kidney through the renal artery. This large blood vessel branches into smaller and smaller blood vessels until the blood reaches the nephrons. In the nephron, your blood is filtered by the tiny blood vessels of the glomeruli and then flows out of your kidney through the renal vein.
What are the 4 parts of the renal tubules?
It contains four segments: the pars recta (the straight descending limb of proximal tubule ), the thin descending limb, the thin ascending limb, and the thick ascending limb.
Which structure is most important for urine concentration quizlet?
Which structure is most important for urine concentration? Capsular hydrostatic pressure is the chief force pushing water and solutes out of the blood and across the filtration membrane.
Why is glucose not present in urine?
Ordinarily, urine contains no glucose because the kidneys are able to reabsorb all of the filtered glucose from the tubular fluid back into the bloodstream. Glycosuria is nearly always caused by elevated blood glucose levels, most commonly due to untreated diabetes mellitus.
Why is protein not present in urine?
Protein is present in the blood; healthy kidneys should only filter tiny (trace) amounts into the urine as most protein molecules are too large for the filters (glomeruli). It is not usual to lose protein in the urine. When this does happen it is known as ‘Proteinuria’.
Which of the following is normally found in urine quizlet?
Substances normally found in urine are nitrogenous wastes, water, various ions (always including sodium and potassium). Substances normally absent from urine include glucose, blood proteins, blood, pus (WBCs), and bile. The ureters are slender tubes that conduct urine by peristalsis from kidney to bladder.
What gland sits atop each kidney?
Adrenal glands, also known as suprarenal glands, are small, triangular-shaped glands located on top of both kidneys.
What are the two layers of the kidney?
Internal Anatomy of the Kidneys. The cortex and medulla make up two of the internal layers of a kidney and are composed of individual filtering units known as nephrons.
What is the correct branching sequence of arteries in the kidney?
The renal artery first divides into segmental arteries, followed by further branching to form multiple interlobar arteries that pass through the renal columns to reach the cortex. The interlobar arteries, in turn, branch into arcuate arteries, cortical radiate arteries, and then into afferent arterioles.
What are the signs that something is wrong with your kidneys?
Signs of Kidney Disease
- You’re more tired, have less energy or are having trouble concentrating.
- You’re having trouble sleeping.
- You have dry and itchy skin.
- You feel the need to urinate more often.
- You see blood in your urine.
- Your urine is foamy.
- You’re experiencing persistent puffiness around your eyes.
How do you improve kidney function?
Here are some tips to help keep your kidneys healthy.
- Keep active and fit.
- Control your blood sugar.
- Monitor blood pressure.
- Monitor weight and eat a healthy diet.
- Drink plenty of fluids.
- Don’t smoke.
- Be aware of the amount of OTC pills you take.
- Have your kidney function tested if you’re at high risk.
What are the seven functions of the kidneys?
The 7 functions of the kidneys
- A – controlling ACID-base balance.
- W – controlling WATER balance.
- E – maintaining ELECTROLYTE balance.
- T – removing TOXINS and waste products from the body.
- B – controlling BLOOD PRESSURE.
- E – producing the hormone ERYTHROPOIETIN.
- D – activating vitamin D.