What Does Appendicular Mean In Anatomy?

What is the definition of appendicular skeleton?

The bones of the appendicular skeleton make up the rest of the skeleton, and are so called because they are appendages of the axial skeleton. The appendicular skeleton includes the bones of the shoulder girdle, the upper limbs, the pelvic girdle, and the lower limbs.

What is the other term for appendicular skeleton?

noun. The part of the skeleton that includes the pectoral girdle and the pelvic girdle and the upper and lower limbs. Synonyms. pelvis endoskeleton limb pelvic arch skeletal structure pectoral girdle pelvic girdle hip.

What are axial and appendicular bones?

The bones of the human skeleton are divided into two groups. The appendicular skeleton includes all the bones that form the upper and lower limbs, and the shoulder and pelvic girdles. The axial skeleton includes the bones that form the skull, laryngeal skeleton, vertebral column, and thoracic cage.

What is the root of the word appendicular?

appendicular (adj.) 1650s, from Latin appendicula “a little addition, small appendage,” diminutive of appendix (see appendix) + -ar. In anatomy, opposed to axial.

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What do you mean by appendicular?

The appendicular skeleton includes the skeletal elements within the limbs, as well as supporting shoulder girdle pectoral and pelvic girdle. The word appendicular is the adjective of the noun appendage, which itself means a part that is joined to something larger.

What is the function of appendicular skeleton?

The appendicular skeleton supports the attachment and functions of the upper and lower limbs of the human body.

What is a Axial?

1: of, relating to, or having the characteristics of an axis. 2a: situated around, in the direction of, on, or along an axis. b: extending in a direction essentially perpendicular to the plane of a cyclic structure (as of cyclohexane) axial hydrogens — compare equatorial.

How do we classify bones?

The four principal types of bones are long, short, flat and irregular. Bones that are longer than they are wide are called long bones. They consist of a long shaft with two bulky ends or extremities.

What are the 8 appendicular bones?

There are 126 named bones of the appendicular skeleton (all bones exist in pairs) [1]:

  • Upper Limb.
  • Shoulder girdle: Clavicle. Scapula. Arm. Humerus. Forearm. Radius. Ulna. Wrist or carpal bones. Scaphoid. Lunate.
  • Lower Limb.
  • Pelvic girdle (hip or coxal bone ) Ilium. Ischium. Pubis. Thigh. Femur. Leg. Tibia. Fibula. Tarsal bones. Talas.

Which is an axial bone?

The axial skeleton is the part of the skeleton that consists of the bones of the head and trunk of a vertebrate. In the human skeleton, it consists of 80 bones and is composed of six parts; the skull (22 bones ), also the ossicles of the middle ear, the hyoid bone, the rib cage, sternum and the vertebral column.

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What are the two major divisions of the appendicular skeleton?

The bones of the appendicular skeleton are divided into two groups: the bones that are located within the limbs themselves, and the girdle bones that attach the limbs to the axial skeleton.

What are the appendicular muscles?

Muscles that move the pectoral girdle and upper limbs are organized into specific groups: (1) muscles that move the pectoral girdle; (2) muscles that move the glenohumeral joint/arm; (3) arm and forearm muscles that move the elbow joint/forearm; (4) fore- arm muscles that move the wrist joint, hand, and fingers; and (5

How do you use appendicular in a sentence?

Appendicular Sentence Examples The most important evidence in favour of their appendicular nature is afforded by the phenomena of regeneration. appendicular skeleton. The relationship will help the radiographers extend their knowledge and skills to include reporting images of the appendicular skeleton.

What does axial mean in anatomy?

Relating to or situated in the central part of the body, in the head and trunk as distinguished from the limbs, for example, axial skeleton.

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